Ceph cluster deployment


This setup is very simple, limited, and not suitable for real production use. Use it as an example only.

Using this guide you’ll deploy a 3 nodes Ceph cluster with RadosGW.


  • Three nodes with at least one unused disk available.
  • In this example we’re going to use Ubuntu 16.04 OS, if you’re using a different one, you have to edit the following configs and commands to suit your OS.

In this doc we refer to these nodes as

  • ceph_node_hostname1
  • ceph_node_hostname2
  • ceph_node_hostname3


sudo apt install ansible
git clone https://github.com/ceph/ceph-ansible.git


cd into ceph-ansible directory:

cd ceph-ansible

Create group_vars/all with:

ceph_origin: upstream
ceph_stable: true
ceph_stable_key: https://download.ceph.com/keys/release.asc
ceph_stable_release: jewel
ceph_stable_repo: "http://download.ceph.com/debian-{{ ceph_stable_release }}"
cephx: true
generate_fsid: false
# Pre-created static fsid
fsid: afca8524-2c47-4b81-a0b7-2300e62212f9
# interface which ceph should use
monitor_interface: NAME_OF_YOUR_INTERNAL_IFACE
journal_size: 1024
# network which you want to use for ceph
cluster_network: "{{ public_network }}"

Make sure you change the NAME_OF_YOUR_INTERNAL_IFACE placeholder to the actual interface name, like eth0 or ens* in modern OSs.

Create group_vars/osds with:

fsid: afca8524-2c47-4b81-a0b7-2300e62212f9
# Devices to use in ceph on all osd nodes.
# Make sure the disk is empty and unused.
- /dev/sdb
# Journal placement option.
# This one means that journal will be on the same drive but another partition
journal_collocation: true

Create group_vars/mons with:

fsid: afca8524-2c47-4b81-a0b7-2300e62212f9
monitor_secret: AQAjn8tUwBpnCRAAU8X0Syf+U8gfBvnbUkDPyg==

Create inventory file with:



Make sure you have passwordless ssh key access to each node and run:

ANSIBLE_HOST_KEY_CHECKING=False ansible-playbook -i inventory_file site.yml.sample

Check Ceph deployment

Go to any ceph node and run with root permissions:

sudo ceph -s

health should be HEALTH_OK. HEALTH_WARN signify non-critical error, check the description of the error to get the idea of how to fix it. HEALTH_ERR signify critical error or a failed deployment.

Configure pools and users

On any Ceph node run:

sudo rados mkpool images
sudo rados mkpool volumes
sudo rados mkpool vms
sudo rados mkpool backups
sudo ceph auth get-or-create client.glance osd 'allow class-read object_prefix rbd_children, allow rwx pool=images, allow rwx pool=vms' mon 'allow r' -o /etc/ceph/ceph.client.glance.keyring
sudo ceph auth get-or-create client.cinder osd 'allow class-read object_prefix rbd_children, allow rwx pool=volumes, allow rwx pool=backups, allow rwx pool=vms, allow rwx pool=images' mon 'allow r' -o /etc/ceph/ceph.client.cinder.keyring
sudo ceph auth get-or-create client.radosgw.gateway osd 'allow rwx' mon 'allow rwx' -o /etc/ceph/ceph.client.radosgw.keyring

To list all user with permission and keys, run:

sudo ceph auth list

Now you’re ready to use this Ceph cluster with CCP.